Adsorption of Naproxen Sodium from Aqueous Solutions on Commercial Activated Carbons
Joanna Lach 1  
,  
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Czestochowa University of Technology, Faculty of Infrastructure and Environment, ul. Brzeźnicka 60a, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Joanna Lach   

Czestochowa University of Technology, Faculty of Infrastructure and Environment, ul. Brzeźnicka 60a, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
Publish date: 2019-11-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(10):241–251
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The pollution of surface water and drinking water with pharmaceuticals is one of the growing problems. One of the groups used in large quantities is nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which can be bought without a prescription. This group includes naproxen, which is identified in wastewater, surface water and even drinking water all over the world. The aim of the study was to assess the opportunities for the removal of naproxen sodium from water using carbon sorbents1). The measurements were carried out for three commercial microporous (WG-12 and F-300) and micro-mesoporous (ROW 08 Supra) activated carbons. The kinetics and statics of adsorption were studied. Adsorption from solutions with pH from 6 to 10 and temperature from 20 to 40oC was analysed. It was found that the higher the pH, the lower the adsorption and the higher the temperature, the higher the adsorption of naproxen sodium. The highest adsorption of naproxen sodium was obtained for activated carbon F-300, whereas the lowest - for activated carbon ROW 08 Supra. It was found that the adsorption results depend on many factors with those most important including hydrogen bonds between carboxyl groups of naproxen sodium and phenolic groups on the surface of activated carbons and electrostatic repulsion between anions of naproxen sodium and negatively charged surface of the activated carbon. The results of adsorption kinetics were described with the following models: pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order, intraparticle diffusion, and Elovich. The highest values of correlation coefficient R2 were obtained for the pseudo-second order and Elovich model. The results of adsorption statics were described using the Freundlich, Langmuir, and Temkin models. A good match between isotherms and the obtained results was obtained for the Freundlich and Temkin equations. It was found based on the adsorption intensity 1/n and distribution coefficient RL that for all activated carbons used and the investigated adsorption conditions, this process was beneficial.