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Agroecological Assessment of Soybean Varieties in the Conditions of the Right Bank Forest Steppe of Ukraine
 
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Institute of Feed Research and Agriculture of Podillya of NAAS, Av. Yunosti. 16, 21021 Vinnytsia, Ukraine
 
 
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Oleksandr Pantsyrev   

Institute of Feed Research and Agriculture of Podillya of NAAS, Av. Yunosti. 16, 21021 Vinnytsia, Ukraine
 
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2024; 25(9)
 
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ABSTRACT
Agroecological testing of soybean varieties of domestic and foreign selection was carried out during 2020-2022 on the experimental field Institute of Feed Research and Agriculture of Podillya of NAAS, which is located in the zone of the right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine. The subject of research was domestic soybean varieties (Diadema Podillia, Tytan, Kobuko, Monada, Triada (Institute of Feed Research and Agriculture of Podillya of NAAS); Vorskla, Lehenda (National Research Center «Institute of Agriculture of the National Academy of Sciences») and foreign (Merlin, Kardiff, Kent, Padua (SAATBAU LINZ eGen); Kioto, Kordoba, Briunensis (Semences Prograin Ink.); Senator, Alihator (Euralis Semences); Sultana (RAGT Semences) selection. All soybean varieties studied during 2020‒2022 were entered into the State Register of plant varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine. The maximum seed yield in the zone of the right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine was recorded in the following varieties: Triada (3.41 t/ha), Kioto (3.29 t/ha), Alihator (3.25 t/ha), Kobuko (3.19 t/ha), Monada (3.15 t/ha), Kardiff (3.06 t/ha) and Tytan (3.05 t/ha). According to the results of the analysis of the mass of 1000 seeds, its highest indicators were noted in soybean varieties: Tytan – 194 g, Alihator – 192 g, Kent –193 g, Sultana – 200 g. According to the results of the biochemical analysis of soybean seeds, it was found that most of the studied varieties provided the content crude protein is more than 40%, while the Merlin, Alihator, Triada, Cardiff and Kent varieties had a crude protein content of 37.1-39.1%. The obtained results of the content of amino acids in soybean seeds show more noticeable indicators in the Tytan soybean variety. Thus, on the basis of a comprehensive approach to soybean productivity indicators, such varieties of domestic selection as Tytan and Kobuko, foreign selection of Kioto are recommended for agricultural production in the areas of seed production, animal feed and raw material in the selection process.
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