Bio-oil Production by Thermal and Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Tires
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Environmental Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiryiah University
Environmental research, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Zaidun Naji Abudi   

Environmental Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Mustansiryiah University
In this study, pyrolysis of shredded waste tire was carried out thermally and catalytically in a fixed bed reactor. Thermal pyrolysis was performed at temperatures of 330ᵒC, 430ᵒC, 530ᵒC, and 630ᵒC under Ar. flow rate of 0.5 L/min as a carrier gas and retention time of 15 min catalytic pyrolysis was carried out at temperature of 530ᵒC. The effects of temperature and two types of catalysts (CaCO3 and SiO2/Al2O3) were studied on the yield of pyrolysis products. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis for the oil products that were obtained by thermal and catalytic pyrolysis at 530ᵒC for chemical characterization. Oil, solid, and gas products yield by thermal pyrolysis at 530ᵒC were 50 wt. %, 35.6 wt. %, and 14.4 wt. % respectively, when the CaCO3 catalyst was used, the products distribution was 52 wt. %, 38.5 wt. %, and 9.5 wt. % respectively. While using SiO2 /Al2O3 the pyro oil, and char, and gas were decreased to 47 wt. %, 38 wt. %, and 15 wt. % respectively. The chemical composition of pyrolysis oil mainly included hydrocarbons compounds, predominantly Limonene which was represented by Cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl).