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Department of Environmental Engineering Systems, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska Str. 45E, 15-351 Białystok, Poland
Kazakh National Technical University, Satpayev Str. 22A, 050013 Almaty, Kazakhstan,
Publication date: 2015-11-03
J. Ecol. Eng. 2015; 16(5):101–109
Protection of water environment from pollution is one of the major tasks in the contemporary world. Nowadays, in the Republic of Kazakhstan ecological situation concerning sewage treatment remains deficient. Raw sewage is often discharged directly onto filtration beds or landfills. Many existing wastewater treatment facilities in cities are in unsatisfactory technical conditions. In many villages and small settlement units the problem of treatment and disposal of sewage sludge from treatment facilities also requires urgent solutions. In this article, the current state of communal sewage treatment in the Republic of Kazakhstan is shown. The technical and technological characteristics of sewage disposal systems, including the cities of Almaty and Astana, are presented. This article is especially aimed at identification of environmental problems related with sewage treatment in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
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