PL EN
Climate Change Effect on Soil Erosion in Vjosa River Basin
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Rruga Muhamet Gjollesha Nr. 54, 1023, Tirana, Albania
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Rruga Muhamet Gjollesha Nr. 54, 1023, Tirana, Albania
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Joana Gjipalaj   

Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Rruga Muhamet Gjollesha Nr. 54, 1023, Tirana, Albania
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(2)
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Soil erosion is closely related to climate changes, because changes to temperature and precipitation regimes may alter the erosivity of rainfall. The present study aims to project future soil erosion phenomena in the Vjosa River Basin (VRB) using climate projections under the Representative Concentrations Pathway (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. SimCLIM model was used to perform the climate projection for the years 2035 and 2050, based on historical temperature and precipitation data (2000-2015). This investigation has been carried out by using Erosion Potential Method EPM to estimate the effects of climate change on soil erosion in Vjosa River Basin, Albania. Results shows an increase in average min and max annual temperature for both scenarios RCP4.5 and 8.5 by the end of 2050. The evaluation of the monthly precipitations for all RCPs reveals a likely decrease in summer precipitation, and a slight positive trend of winter precipitation for all time periods up to 2050. An increase in terms of eroded material and specific eroded material was estimated from the results of RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios. Thus, we can state that the study area has and will have a moderate erosion risk under this climate conditions.