Comparison of Free and Commercial Software in the Processing of Data Obtained from Non-Metric Cameras
Barbara Kloc 1  
,   Andrzej Mazur 1  
,   Małgorzata Szumiło 2  
 
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1
Department of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
2
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Faculty of Geoengineering, Institute of Geodesy and Civil Engineering, ul. M. Oczapowskiego 2, 10-719 Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Andrzej Mazur   

University of Life Sciences in Lublin
Publication date: 2021-02-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(2):213–225
 
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ABSTRACT
The main goal of the work was an attempt to compare the free and commercial photogrammetry software for processing pictures taken with a camera drone, a traditional digital camera and a smartphone. Due to a wide range of programs on the market, four were selected for comparison (Agisoft Metashape, DroneDeploy, VisualSfM, COLMAP). Their brief description was presented, and then the photos were processed in each of them. Three sets of photographs were used for the processing (part of a residential area, photos of a building, and photos of a tree trunk). As a result, the capabilities of selected applications were presented on the basis of various input data. Not every program was able to deliver all the desired products. Moreover, they differ depending on the software. Commercial applications have more functionalities. On the other hand, open-source solutions allow for the development of algorithms. Working in any environment had its own characteristics. The selected applications were compared on the basis of the processing and the results obtained. Due to many aspects of their evaluation, it turned out that the research topic was very extensive. Moreover, it was found that it is very difficult to make an objective statement of the tested programs, because the same program, depending on the user's needs, capabilities and knowledge, can be scored differently.