Dynamics of Productivity of Leguminous Plant Groups during Long-Term Use on Different Nutritional Backgrounds
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Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Shevchenko Str., 57, Ivano-Frankivsk, 76018, Ukraine
Sumy National Agrarian University, H. Kondratieva St., 160, Sumy, 40021, Ukraine
Kamianets-Podіlskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University, Ohiienko Str., 61, Kamianets-Podilskyi, 32300, Ukraine
Kharkiv State Biotechnological University, Alchevskikh Str., 44, 61000, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Sergei Yefremov, Str., 25, Dnipro, 49000, Ukraine
National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Heroyiv Oborony Str., 15, Kyiv, 03041, Ukraine
Andrii Butenko   

Sumy National Agrarian University, H. Kondratieva St., 160, Sumy, 40021, Ukraine
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(6):190–196
Deterioration of ecological situation, increase of mineral fertilizer prices and their foreseen increase in recent years force us to look for the ways to reduce the rates of their application and alternative means of maintaining high productivity of sown fodder lands. Fertilization was and remains one of the decisive ways of increasing haymaking productivity, as well as increasing their economic efficiency. The productivity of leguminous grasses based on the study of agrotechnological measures of cultivation in the conditions of the Carpathian region is currently relevant. The studied species of perennial grasses, during the three-year cultivation, showed that the largest number of shoots was formed on the variant with horned sedge and was 1185–1201 pieces/m2. Medicago sativa had the smallest number of shoots (470 pics/m2, control (without fertilizers)). Trifolium pratense and Lotus corniculatus provided the highest productivity in relation to other species from 20 to 31%. Analysis of single–species crops productivity of perennial bean grasses by cuttings showed that the peculiarities obtained on average for all slopes, were also similar in each of two slopes. During the three–year use of the herbage on the yield from 1 ha of dry mass in both slopes, the herbage factor had the greatest influence, the share of which was 61–62%, while the share of the influence of fertilizer was 38–39%.