Evaluation of the High-Pressure Gas Transmission Network Impact for Environmental - Construction Phase and Network Operation
Maria Hełdak 2  
,  
 
 
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1
Operator Gazociągów Przesyłowych GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. Oddział we Wrocławiu, Poland
2
Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Department of Spatial Economy, Poland
3
Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Landscape Architecture, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Maria Hełdak   

Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Department of Spatial Economy, Poland
Publish date: 2019-12-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(11):122–132
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ABSTRACT
This thesis takes up topic of influence underground technical infrastructure during construction phase on selected components of natural environment. The subject of research is high pressure gas transmission system DN1000 MOP 8,4 MPa realized in Poland from ZZU Wierzchowice till Kiełczów node. Studies have identified impacts on particular components of the environment, including land surface, plants, animals, biodiversity, air, water resources and quality, landscape and acoustic climate. An assessment was made on the impact, scale, frequency, duration or influence type in the two stages of the investment process. It was found that the stage of DN1000 gas pipelines caused a significant change in the prevailing balance of the natural environment in the assembly area mainly due to soil transformation and vegetation removal as assessed as long-term. The impact on other components analysed in terms of frequency is usually medium-term or short-term, and in terms of duration - momentary. During the operation of the gas pipeline, the negative impact of the network was strongly determined in relation to the forested areas and forests, where the negative impact was recorded not only during the implementation of the network but also in the phase of its use.