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Effect of Hydraulic Characteristics on Fluid Transients Analysis under Different Types of Control Valves
 
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Civil Engineering Department, University of Thi-Qar, Thi Qar, Iraq
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Basim M. Al-Zaidi   

Civil Engineering Department, University of Thi-Qar, Thi Qar, Iraq
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2022; 23(12)
 
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ABSTRACT
In this study, several types of valves were used to study the impact of the valves types and closure characteristics on fluid transients. The valve closure curves, which are the variation of the effective valve opening as a function of percentage opening area, were derived for different selected valves. Six different types of valves were selected to study the effect of the valves types on fluid transient conditions. For simplification, a very simple pipeline system was assumed and presented in this study. The system is about two pipes connected in a series junction and they take the water from a constant-level reservoir at upstream and a valve at downstream. The duration of valve closure was taken as six seconds which plays an important role in the pressure development in the system. A method of characteristics is applied to compute the transient conditions under gradual closure of the valves. Valve data of various forms were compiled and reported as discharge and headloss coefficients as a function of valve opening. The effect of valve geometry and operation on the relative valve opening were compared. Discharge and headloss coefficients were also compared between valve types. The study concluded that transient conditions depend on the valve type. The comparison between the results of all valve types indicated that the changes in pressure and discharges depend on valve type where there is a difference in effective valve opening. It can be concluded that the valve with the highest value of valve effective opening has less effect on transient conditions, i.e., the faster changes of effective valve opening the larger the effect on transient conditions (discharge and the greater the magnitude of the pressure wave). This study would help to select the property valve in pipeline design.