Effect of Fertilizer Granulates on Ionic and Weight Relations Among Macronutrients in Spring Rape Seeds
 
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West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Department of Soil Science, Grassland Mangement and Environmental Chemistry, Szczecin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ewa Możdżer   

West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Department of Soil Science, Grassland Mangement and Environmental Chemistry, Słowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
Publish date: 2019-05-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(5):52–58
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ABSTRACT
The experiment consisted in testing four fertilizer granulates produced from waste in the vegetation experiment. The waste used to produce granulates was: ash from lignite due to its deacidifying properties, industrial sewage sludge and sawdust due to considerable abundance of nutrients for plants. Recipe for the chemical composition of granulates was made on the basis of chemical properties of the waste. Fertilizer granulates were characterized by fairly high content of calcium and organic carbon, and less of sulfur, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. Contents of heavy metals did not exceed the permissible standards. The test plant was rapeseed of Larissa cultivar. The content of macronutrients was determined in rape seeds. Following ionic relations K:Mg, K:Ca, K:(Ca+Mg), Ca:Mg and weight proportions Ca:P and N:S, were calculated. The research indicated that the applied single doses of fertilizer granulates A, B, C and D significantly expanded the Ca:Mg ion relations, but did not affect the increase in K:Ca, K:(Ca+Mg), N:S and Ca:P in rape seeds compared to the control. Double doses of granulates compared to the single ones resulted in a significant narrowing of the ionic ratio K:Ca and significant extension of Ca:Mg and N:S in seeds of the test plant. Triple doses of fertilizer granulates significantly reduced the ionic relations K:Ca, K:(Ca+Mg) and N:S, but did not cause changes in the Ca:Mg and Ca:P ratio in rape seeds. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of 4 granulates produced from waste on the formation of the most important ionic ratios and weight proportion of elements in the yields of spring rape seeds.