PL EN
Evaluation of Forest Fire Risk by Geographic Information Systems Techniques – A Case Study of Selcuk District, Izmir, Turkey
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Fırat University, 23000, Elazig, Turkey
2
Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Agriculture, Ege University, 35100, Izmir, Turkey
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Esra Cetinkaya Ozkan   

Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Fırat University, 23000, Elazig, Turkey
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Forest fire is an environmental disaster that occurs due to environmental and anthropogenic variables and poses a threat to ecological, economic, and cultural issues. After it breaks out, forest fire is difficult to control. For this reason, obtaining the information about forest fire risk areas in advance provides a fast and effective step in the decision-making mechanism of forest management. In this study, the forest fire risk of Selcuk district, Izmir/Turkey was determined with Integrated Fire Risk Index (IFRI) using the GIS-based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) method. Environmental variables, such as slope, aspect, elevation, temperature, precipitation, vegetation, and anthropogenic variables, such as settlement-road distance were used to identify the risky areas. According to the fire risk map, 32.92% of the working area is in the high risk and risky classes. These results were compared with the fire risk map created from the fire archive records between 2000 and 2019 obtained from the MODIS satellite image. In addition, the 2019 land cover/land use map created according to the CORINE land cover classification system was analyzed with the fire archive records and fire risk map. According to the study's results, 54.5% of forest fires occurred in very high and high risk areas, and 45.5% in medium risk areas. Therefore, it has been determined that the human factor is significant in the start of forest fires.