Floating Photovoltaics: Assessing the Potential, Advantages, and Challenges of Harnessing Solar Energy on Water Bodies
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Faculty of Engineering, Zarqa University, Jordan
Renewable Energy Engineering Department, Middle East University, Jordan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tafila Technical University, Tafila, Jordan
Renewable Energy Technology, Applied Science Private University, Amman, Jordan
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Istanbul Nisantasi University, Istanbul, Turkey
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, USA
Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Lublin, Poland
School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
Corresponding author
Sameh Alsaqoor   

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tafila Technical University, Tafila, Jordan
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(10):324-339
The worldwide transition to a future with net-zero emissions depends heavily on solar energy. However, when land prices rise, and population density rises, the need for large land expanses to develop solar farms poses difficulties. Floating Photovoltaics (FPV) has come to light as a viable remedy to this problem. FPV, which includes mounting solar panels on bodies of water, is gaining popularity as a practical choice in many nations worldwide. A significant capacity of 404 GWp for producing clean energy might be attained by using FPV to cover only 1% of the world's reservoirs. This review shows that FPV has several benefits over conventional ground-mounted PV systems. On the other hand, there is a large study void regarding the effects of FPV on water quality and aquatic ecosystems. This review looks at the most recent FPV research, including its advantages, disadvantages, and potential. It looks into the compatibility of various bodies of water, worldwide potential, system effectiveness, and the possibility of integrating different technologies with FPV.
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