Gray Water Recovery System Model by Solar Photocatalysis with TiO2 Nanoparticles for Crop Irrigation
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Universidad Nacional de Huancavelica, Facultad de Ingeniería Electrónica-Sistemas, Jr. La Mar N° 755, Pampas-Tayacaja, Huancavelica, Perú
Universidad Nacional del Centro del Perú, Unidad de Postgrado de la Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente, Av. Mariscal Castilla N° 3909-4089, Huancayo, Perú
Hipólito Carbajal-Morán   

Universidad Nacional de Huancavelica, Pampas-Tayacaja, Huancavelica, Perú
Publication date: 2021-04-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(4):78–87
The objective of the study was to establish the configuration of the system model to allow the effective recovery of gray water by solar photocatalysis with TiO2 nanoparticles for irrigation of crops. A programmable solar photoreactor based on an S7 1500 PLC and online measurement sensors were used as materials. The inductive method was used to analyze the samples and the deductive method to determine the water quality. The research design used was experimental based on the response surface methodology (MSR) with 20 experiments, 6 of which were central experiments and 6 were axial experiments; these experiments were carried out on sunny days. As a result of the research, a gray water recovery model was obtained, part of this being an electronic system with a programmable photocatalyst, which allowed the development of the experiments. It was concluded that with a solar UV index of 12.21, a dose of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles 1.973 g/L and with an exposure period of 60.041 minutes of the solar photocatalyst to UV radiation on sunny days, gray water was recovered in 90% with a confidence level of 95% and a significance α = 0.05, which translates into excellent quality according to the water quality index established in Peru (ICA-PE).