Health Risk Assessment of Swimming Pool Users from the Effects of Legionella Spp. Contamination of Water
 
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1
Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering
2
Silesian Waterworks PLC, ul. Wojewódzka 19, 40-026 Katowice
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Izabela Teresa Zimoch   

Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Water and Wastewater Engineering
Publication date: 2020-02-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2020; 21(2):179–190
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ABSTRACT
On directive of the main problems in the scope of public health is poor identification of waterborne diseases and their etiology. One of the aims of the new directive concerning the quality of water intended for human consumption is to implement in the member states the principles of hazard assessment in water supply systems (WSS) on the basis of water quality monitoring and analyses of system functioning conditions. The implementation of risk management procedures in WSSs is to ensure increase in water supply safety and, in turn, protection of the consumer's health against harmful effects of any contamination of potable water. At present, the secondary legislation to the Polish acts implementing the Directive of the Council of Europe is the Regulation of the Minister of Health on the quality of water intended for human consumption, which also sets forth the scope of monitoring the quality of hot water for Legionella spp., which can be an etiological factor of legionellosis. Another act regulating water quality in terms of Legionella spp. is the Regulation of the Minister of Health on water quality in swimming pools. These acts, referring to the parameter of Legionella spp., are complementary. This paper presents the results of evaluation of change in the sanitary status of hot water quality in terms of contamination with Legionella spp. bacteria in selected swimming pool facilities in southern Poland (Silesian Voivodship). On the basis of the available water quality test from state inspections (Chief Sanitary Inspectorate), an analysis of microbiological quality of hot water in swimming pools was conducted. The analyses included a spatial distribution of those facilities, which results from the regionalisation subject to the territorially competent public health authority exercising supervision over water quality in the Silesian Voivodship. The methods were presented for determination of health risk of swimming pool users as a result of contamination of swimming pool water with Legionella spp. in relation to the availability of a given recreation facility. The final result of these studies is the use of GIS (Geographic Information System) tools in spatial risk interpretation.