Implementation of the Quality and Creating GIS Maps for Groundwater in Babylon, Iraq
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Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon, 51001, Iraq
Department of Environment Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon, 51001, Iraq
Collage of Engineering, AL-Qasim Green University, Babylon, 51031, Iraq
Department of Civil Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, SE-971 87 Lulea, Sweden
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(8):310-321
In times of water scarcity, groundwater is a vital resource that provides an alternate source of water for human consumption. In Iraq, the quality of rivers has been greatly affected by climate change and the dwindling availability of surface water. Examining and classifying the groundwater in this region is now vital. The present study sought to incorporate the groundwater property data (drinking purpose) with a geographic information system (GIS). Eleven variables were measured in 25 wells to investigate the physio-chemical properties around the Babylon province of Iraq. Based on the acceptability of groundwater for drinking, the GWQI was categorized into four primary groups in the results. Approximately 28% of the twenty-five wells (1811.04 km2) are of excellent quality, 24% are of good quality (1552.3 km2), 44% are of low quality (2845.9 km2), and 4% are extremely contaminated. (2587.2 km2). The average GWQI for the entire study region was 110.7, making it inappropriate for human consumption. It has been determined that approximately 52% of the groundwater from the examined wells can be deemed safe for consumption, although certain measurements surpass the permissible limits. To guarantee residents in these areas are supplied with water of superior quality and safety, treatment of the tested groundwater is recommended before use.
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