Influence of Sedimentary Fe and Mn on the Oxygenation of Overlying Waters in Dam Reservoirs
Piotr Koszelnik 1  
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Politechnika Rzeszowska, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture
Politechnika Rzeszowska
Piotr Koszelnik   

Politechnika Rzeszowska, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, ul. Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
Publish date: 2018-09-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2018; 19(5):180–185
This paper reports work to determine the impact that concentrations of manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) in the bottom sediments of shallow dam reservoirs exert upon the dissolved oxygen concentrations of overlying waters. Specifically, the work was conducted in the 2013-2014 period in six shallow artificial reservoirs located in SE Poland. The waters of all the reservoirs studied are relatively well oxygenated, though both supersaturation and anoxic conditions are observed seasonally across the 50-150% range. The reported reactions of bottom sediments were between pH 7.7 and 8.2, while mean concentrations of Mn and Fe were found to vary widely from site to site (Mn from 0.068 to 1.48 g/kg d.w. and Fe from 2.48 to 24.0 g/kg d.w.). It did not prove possible to demonstrate any direct relationship between sediment Fe and Mn concentrations, the Mn/Fe ratio or pH on the one hand and the oxygenation of reservoir waters on the other. However, multiple regression analysis did allow for the identification of a significant influence of both Mn content and sediment pH on oxygen concentration in reservoir waters. In simple terms, both an increase in Mn and a decrease in pH can be said to result in more fully aerobic conditions in waters.