Kinetics Coefficient of Palm Oil Clinker Media for an Attached Growth Media in Sequencing Batch Reactor Mode
 
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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Aiban Abdulhakim Saeed Ghaleb   

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia
Publish date: 2019-10-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(9):18–27
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ABSTRACT
Palm oil clinker media (POCM) as a by-product of incineration process from palm oil industry is creating environmental sustainability issues. This is due to the method of handling solid waste material of industry by dumped simply on an open land area. Previous study of POCM including physical and mechanical properties of solid present promising results of utilizing POCM as a packing media for treatment of domestic wastewater industry. The packing media can be used in the process of biological wastewater treatment system in Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) mode. By adopting POCM as an attached growth media, this research paper focus on the performance of POCM in SBR mode in the context of organic and nutrient removal rate. The performance for the removal of organics and nutrient was measured using USEPA Standard Method for Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Ammonia. The average rate of removal for COD and Ammonia per biomass adopting POCM in sequencing batch reactor mode is 0.0069 mg COD / mg MLVSS and 0.001 mg Ammonia / mg MLVSS.