Machines and Horticultural Implements for the Cultivation of Small-Scale Herbs and Spices
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Rzeszow University of Technology
Tomasz Trzepieciński   

Rzeszow University of Technology, Al. Powstańców Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
Publish date: 2018-09-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2018; 19(5):225–233
Herbal plants and spices, due to their aromatic and medicinal properties, are widely used in pharmacy, coking, cosmetology and agriculture.. The increase in the number of willow plantations for energy crops has enhanced the interest of the salicylic glycosides contained in willow bark which show multidirectional pharmacological activity. The small-scale production of herbs and spices requires the application of agricultural machines and horticultural implements adjusted to the area cultivated. In this paper the comprehensive characteristics of the medicinal properties of willow are presented. Newly developed machines used for the mechanisation of the establishment and cultivation of herbs and spices are also described. The machines presented are a part of the technology developed at the Rzeszow University of Technology which can also be used for the mechanisation of biomass production. To improve the physicochemical properties of the soil and increase the amount and quality of yield, natural organic fertilisers can be used. So the paper presents the correct method of storing manure and a device for the application of solid and liquid fertilisers to the soil as well as a device for monitoring the state of the soil-water environment.