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Municipal Solid Waste to Energy: Palletization of Paper and Garden Waste into Refuse Derived Fuel
 
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Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Planning, Universitas Pertamina, Komplek Universitas Pertamina, Jalan Sinabung II, Terusan Simprug, Jakarta 12220, Indonesia
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Civil Engineering Study Program, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A Surakarta 57126, Indonesia
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Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia
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Engineering Management, Industrial and Agroindusty Technology Faculty, Universitas Internasional Semen Indonesia, Kompleks PT. Semen Indonesia (Persero) Tbk, Jl. Veteran, Kb. Dalem, Sidomoro, Kebomas, Gresik 61122, East Java, Indonesia
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Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, HICoE-Centre for Biofuel and Biochemical Research, Institute of Self-Sustainable Building, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar 32610, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
I Wayan Koko Suryawan   

Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Planning, Universitas Pertamina, Komplek Universitas Pertamina, Jalan Sinabung II, Terusan Simprug, Jakarta 12220, Indonesia
Publication date: 2022-04-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2022; 23(4):64–74
 
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ABSTRACT
The purpose of this research is to process a mixture of paper waste and garden waste based on material flow analysis and to analyze parameters based on parameters of water content, ash content, heating value, along with Thermogravimetry Analysis (TGA)/Derivative Thermogravimetry (DTG). The garden waste treatment process consists of shredding, drying with a rotary dryer, separator, and then shaving with a hammer mill. Paper waste only needs a shredder and siege process. Then the mixing process and pelletizing of paper waste and garden waste are carried out according to the variation (w/w) 100% paper (K100), 75% paper (K75), 50% paper (K50), 25% paper (K25), and 100% garden waste (K0). The water content ranged from 5.8 to 15.25%. The ash content was seen from K0 to K100 samples that the ash content increased from 4.54 to 9.85%. A correlation of 0.9047 was found from the samples K0 to K100. There was an increase in the correlation between increasing the calorific value if the mixture with paper waste increased. The caloric value in K0 to K100 increased from 13.11 to 19.03 MJ/kg. The TGA/DTG analysis reduced mass due to water evaporation, devolatilization, and carbonization processes.