Physicochemical Quality Indicators of Akmay Safflower Oil Cultivated in the Dry Steppe Zone of Northern Kazakhstan
 
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S. Seifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University, Pobeda Avenue, 62, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kazhymurat Mayrambekovich Mussynov   

S. Seifullin Kazakh Agrotechnical University, Pobeda Avenue, 62, Astana, 010000, Kazakhstan
Publish date: 2019-10-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(9):11–17
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ABSTRACT
The article presents the results of the 2014-2015 studies on seed yield and the physicochemical and fatty acid composition of Akmay grade safflower oil cultivated at the experimental plot of LLC "Farmer 2002", Astrakhan district, Akmola region, Kazakhstan. The peroxide and acid number was determined with the titrimetric method with visual indication, and the iodine number was calculated as well. The fatty acid composition of oil was studied using the gas chromatography method. Up to 12 fatty acids were detected in the composition of total lipids. The highest content of fatty acids in the composition of safflower seed oil triglycerides was observed in unsaturated linoleic acid (82.7%). During the years of research, the weather conditions greatly influenced the seed yield and the physicochemical quality of safflower oil. Conclusions about future use of this variety as raw material for producing edible vegetable oil were drawn.