Spatial Variabilty of Chosen Soil Properties on Mountainous Area on Example of Kasińczanka Stream Basin, Western Carpathians
Edyta Kruk 1  
,  
Marek Ryczek 1  
,  
Sławomir Klatka 1  
,  
 
 
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Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development, Agriculture University of Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
Publish date: 2018-05-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2018; 19(3):146–153
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ABSTRACT:
The phenomenon of erosion on mountain and submontane areas influences directly on high variability of soil properties. In the work there were presented results of analysis of spatial variability of bulk density, total porosity, organic matter content and saturated hydraulic conductivity, on eroded slopes of the Kasińczanka stream basin. Geostatistical analysis was carried out using the kriging method, based on irregular network, consisted of 52 points, situated by means of the GPS. Taking into account the calculated variability coefficient it was stated, that on the investigated area, the most flexible spatially was saturated hydraulic conductivity, while the less flexible turned out total porosity. Using the determined models of semivariance, the maps of spatial variability of chosen parameters were drafted. It was stated that high value of variance influenced on higher smoothing of spatial distribution in interpolation. Results of geostatistical analysis will allow to find locations for new measuring points, what has substantial significance in mountain areas, for precision analysis of soil properties. Based on the obtained results, it can be stated that the kriging method may be useful tool for determination spatial variability analysis of soil properties on an areas of mountain basins.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Marek Ryczek   
Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development, Agriculture University of Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland