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State Diagnosis of Macrozoobenthic Biodiversity in the Intertidal Zone of the Sandy Coast of Taghazout (Southwestern of Morocco)
Ben Haddad Mohamed 1  
,   Imane Lamine 1  
,   Abdellatif Moukrim 2  
,   Hafida Bergayou 1  
,   Jaouad Abou Oualid 1  
,   Aicha Ait Alla 1  
 
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1
Laboratory Aquatic Systems: Marine and continental ecosystems, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
2
Faculty of Sciences, Abdelamalek Essadi University, Tetouan, Morocco
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ben Haddad Mohamed   

Laboratory Aquatic Systems: Marine and continental ecosystems, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Publication date: 2021-04-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(4):126–137
 
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ABSTRACT
The present work is a part of the impact study of the tourist resort "Taghazout Bay" installation on the coast of Taghazout (North of the Agadir bay). The purpose of this study is to assess the initial state of the macro-zoobenthic structure present in the intertidal sands at the three study stations over the 2016 and 2017 seasons. The biological approach is accompanied by the study of some physico-chemical parameters of the seawater (temperature, pH, salinity and dissolved oxygen) and the study of the sediment (grading structure, classification, and contents in organic matter). PCA analysis identified a perfect correlation between physico-chemical parameters. The sediment contains three grading classes only (Medium sand, fine sand, and very fine sand), very well classified with normal proportions of organic matter. The study of intertidal benthic macrofauna of the sandy substrate shows ten species and spatiotemporal variations with a clear dominance of the bivalve species Donax trunculus. We notice, from the DIMO model, that the variation profile of the spring and summer (2016 and 2017) shows a community dynamics called "Diversity type". In winter and in autumn, they know an "Evenness type". The rank-frequency diagram explains that the benthic community of Taghazout sandy coast exists in the stage "Pioneer 1". The ascending hierarchical clustering gave three logical gatherings of seasons. The faunistic structure of this benthic community revealed the shape M>C>P. We also notice that there is diversity in regimes in this ecosystem.