Study of Microbiological Processes in the Soil of a Two-Year’s Fallow
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Faculty of Engineering, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, 2 Liela str., Jelgava, LV-3001, Latvia
National Science Center “Institute of Agriculture” of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, 2-b, Mashynobudivnykiv Str., Chabany vil., Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Dist., UA 08162, Kyiv Region, Ukraine
National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 15, Heroyiv Oborony Str., Kyiv, UA 03041, Ukraine
Semjons Ivanovs   

Faculty of Engineering, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, 2 Liela str., Jelgava, LV-3001, Latvia
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(2)
A high degree of ploughing the soils is a destabilization factor of agrolandscapes and intensification of the erosion processes. Therefore, there arises a need to study the direction of the soil processes during the transfer of the arable land into a state of fallow. The state of microbiocenosis of a two year’s old abandoned land (fallow) was investigated using as an example the gray forest soil in the variants of spontaneous overgrowth, sowing of grass mixtures and sowing of grass mixtures with simultaneous optimization of mineral nutrition of the phytocenosis. It has been established that the least stable microbiocenosis is formed during the cultivation of the grass mixtures, which is characterized by the minimum total number of microorganisms (647.1 million CFU·g–1 of absolutely dry soil) and the minimum number of significant relations between the constituents (components) of the microbial community (98). The total number of microorganisms in the microbiocenosis of the spontaneous overgrowth variant and the legume-grass mixture exceeds that of the cereal grass mixture variant by 6.29 and 34.8%, respectively. A similar indicator for the total number of significant relations was 4.08%. Application of mineral fertilizers intensifies the process of mineralization of nitrogen compounds and slows down the consumption of the soil organic matter in the variants of sudden recovery of phytocenosis and cultivation of the legume-cereal grass mixture. The soil of the variant of the grass mixture is characterized by minimum total biological activity; it is 1.33 and 33.2% less than the total biological activity of the variants of spontaneous overgrowth and cultivation of the legume-grass mixture