More details
Hide details
Department of Natural Resources and Chemical Engineering, Tafila Technical University, Jordan
Division of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Sweden
Publication date: 2016-01-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2016; 17(1):38-48
A comprehensive study was conducted to monitor the emission potential from solid waste landfilled in Jordan over a period of 292 days using an anaerobic lysimeter. A 30 kg waste sample reflecting the typical municipal solid waste (MSW) streams generated in Jordan was used to simulate the influence of climate on the emission potential of landfills located in semi-arid areas. The experimental results demonstrated that a significant amount of leachate and landfill gas was produced. The methane content was found to be more than 45% and the leachate produced reached 15.7 l after 200 days. However, after 260 days the gas and leachate production rate became negligible. A significant amount of heavy metal traces was found in the leachate due to mixed waste disposal. Changes in biogas and leachate quality parameters in the lysimeter revealed typical landfill behaviour trends, the only difference being that they developed much more quickly. In view of current landfill practices in Jordan and the effect of climate change, the results suggest that landfill design and operational modes need to be adjusted in order to achieve sustainability. For this reason, optimized design parameters and operational scenarios for sustainable landfill based on the country’s climatic conditions and financial as well as technical potential are recommended as a primary reference for future landfills in Jordan as well as in similar regions and climates.
Abu-Rukah Y. 2001. The assessment of the effect of landfill leachate on ground-water quality-a case study. El-Akader landfill site-north Jordan. Journal of Arid Environments, 49, 615–630.
Abu Qdais H. and Alsheraideh A. 2008. Kinetics of solid waste biodegradation in laboratory lysimeters. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, 2(1), 45–52.
Aljaradin M. and Persson K.M. 2015. Numerical evaluation of different landfill daily cover in semiarid areas – Jordan. Int. J. Environment and Waste Management, 16(2), 95–110.
Akyurek M. 1995. Trends in landfill leachate characteristics. Eighteenth International Madison Waste Conference, Department of Engineering Professional Development, Madison.
Barlaz M., Ham R. and Schaefer D. 1989. Mass-balance analysis of anaerobically decomposed refuse. Journal of Environmental Engineering, Asce, 115, 1088–1102.
Barlaz M., Milke M. and Ham R. 1987. Gas-production parameters in sanitary-landfill simulators. Waste Management & Research, 5, 27–39.
Barlaz M.A., Schaefer D.M. and Ham R.K. 1989. Bacterial population development and chemical characteristics of refuse decomposition. In: A Simulated Sanitary Landfill. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 55, 55–65.
Baun D. and Christensen T. 2004. Speciation of heavy metals in landfill leachate: A review. Waste Management & Research, 22(1), 3–23.
Christensen T.H., Cossu R. and Stegmann R. 1992. Chemical and biological characteristics of landfill leachate. London and New York, Elsevier Applied Science.
Chugh S., Chynoweth D.P., Clarke W., Pullammanappallil P. and Rudolph V. 1999. Degradation of unsorted municipal solid waste by a leach-bed process. Bioresource Technology, 69, 103–115.
Daniels J.L., Ogunro V.O., Hilger H.H. and Schmader M.B. 2008. Laboratory-scale aerobic landfill bioreactor: A precursor to modeling and full-scale investigation. Waste Containment and Remediation.
Ehrig H.J. 1983. Quality and quantity of sanitary landfill leachate. Waste Management & Research, 1, 53–68.
Ei-Fadel M. and Sbayti H. 2000. Economics of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from solid waste in Lebanon. Waste Management & Research, 18, 329–340.
Fellner J., Döberl G., Allgaier G. and Brunner, P.H. 2009. Comparing field investigations with laboratory models to predict landfill leachate emissions. Waste Management, 29, 1844–1851.
Flyhammar P. 1998. Use of sequential extraction on anaerobically degraded municipal solid waste. Science of The Total Environment, 212, 203–215.
Gurijala K.R. and Suflita J.M. 1993. Environmental factors influencing methanogenesis from refuse in landfill samples. Environmental Science and Technology, 27, 1176–1181.
IPCC 2006. Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Eggleston H.S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T. and Tanabe K. (Eds) IGES. Japan.
IPCC 2007. Climate change 2007: Iimpacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Khattabi H., Aleya L. and Mania J. 2002. Changes in the quality of landfill leachates from recent and aged municipal solid waste. Waste Manag. Res., 20, 357–364.
Kylefors K., Andreas L. and Lagerkvist A. 2003. A comparison of small-scale, pilot-scale and large-scale tests for predicting leaching behaviour of landfilled wastes. Waste Management, 23, 45–59.
Ledakowicz S. and Kaczorek K. 2004. Laboratory simulation of anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 39, 859–871.
Lien N. 2004. Dry anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste as pretreatment prior to landfills. EV-04-14. Master Thesis.
Lou X.F. and Nair J. 2009. The impact of landfilling and composting on greenhouse gas emissions: A review. Bioresource Technology, 100, 3792–3798.
Mace S., Bolzonella D., Cecchi F. and Mata-Alvarez J. 2003. Comparison of the biodegradability of the grey fraction of municipal solid waste of Barcelona in mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. Water Sci. Technol., 48, 21–28.
Mrayyan B. and Hamdi M.R. 2006. Management approaches to integrated solid waste in industrialized zones in Jordan: A case of Zarqa City. Waste Management, 26, 195–205.
Petchsri P., Towprayoon S., Chaiprasert P. and Nopharatana A. 2006. The effect of precipitation on municipal solid waste decomposition and methane production in simulated landfill bioreactor with leachate recirculation. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 28, 615–631.
Prudent P., Domeizel M. and Massiani C. 1996. Chemical sequential extraction as decision-making tool: Application to municipal solid waste and its individual constituents. Science of the Total Environment, 178, 55–61.
Ritzkowski M. and Stegmann R. 2003. Emission behavior of aerated landfills: results of laboratory scale investigations. In: Ninth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Cagliari, Italy.
Salem Z., Hamouri K., Djemaa R. and Allia K. 2008. Evaluation of landfill leachate pollution and treatment. Desalination, 220, 108–114.
Sanphoti N., Towprayoon S., Ritzkowski M. and Stegmann R. 2006. Seasonal influence on emission behavior of simulated tropical landfill operated with leachate recirculation. The 2nd Joint International Conference on “Sustainable Energy and Environment”, Bangkok, Thailand.
Stegmann R. 1997. Description of laboratory scale method to investigate anaerobic degradation process taking place in solid waste. Sixth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Sardinia, Cagliari, Italy.
Stessel R. and Murphy R. 1992. A lysimeter study of the aerobic landfill concept. Waste Management & Research, 10, 485–503.
Straub W.A. and Lynch D.R. 1982. Models of landfill leaching: organic strength. Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division - ASCE, 108, 251–268.
SWEEP 2010. Country profile on solid waste mangement situation. The Regional Solid waste Exchange Information and Expertise Network in Mashreq and Maghreb Countries.
Tränkler J., Visvanathan C., Kuruparan P. Tubtim-thai O. 2005. Influence of tropical seasonal variations on landfill leachate characteristics – Results from lysimeter studies. Waste Manag., 25, 1013–1020.
UNDP 2009. Jordan second national communication to the United Nations framework convention on climate change (UNFCCC), Jordan Ministry of Environment, Amman.
Wintheiser P. 1996. Landfill gas and condensate generation rates in arid climates: A case study. In: Proceedings of 19th Int. Madison Waste Conference. University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Youcai Z., Luochun W., Renhua H., Dimin X. and Guowei G. 2002. A comparison of refuse attenuation in laboratory and field scale lysimeters. Waste Management, 22, 29–35.
Yuen S.T.S., Wang Q.J., Styles J.R. and Mcmahon T.A. 2001. Water balance comparison between a dry and a wet landfill – A full-scale experiment. Journal of Hydrology, 251, 29–48.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top