More details
Hide details
Faculty of Natural Sciences and Technology, Opole University, Oleska 48, 45-052 Opole, Poland
Publication date: 2015-09-09
J. Ecol. Eng. 2015; 16(4):133-138
The current policy of waste management requires, above all, a gradual reduction of waste amount and, to a larger extent, forces us to seek new methods of waste disposal. Recycling the energy contained in biomass waste is a more and more universally applied method of thermal converting. Biomass combustion allows saving fossil fuels which fits into sustainable development. This paper checks the possibility of using spent coffee ground (SCG) in energy recycling using a combustion process. This particular biomass type up to now has not been widely examined, which inclines to consider its usage as a potential additive to alternative fuels. In the study, we examined the quality of fuel, which was in a form of briquette, made of beech shavings with 10 and 25% of post-exploitation waste obtained during the process of coffee infusion. This waste, if fresh, is distinguished by its high hydration. However, after drying it may constitute a valuable additive to alternative fuels. It increases the calorific value of fuel and reduces briquettes’ hardness what contributes to reducing resistance of conveying screw in stoves.
Alakangas E., Valtanen J., Levlin J.E. 2006. CEN technical specification for solid biofuels – Fuel specification and classes. Biomass Bioenerg, 30, 908–914.
Boonamnuayvitaya V., Saeung S., Tanthapanichakoon W. 2005. Preparation of activated carbons from coffee residue for the adsorption of formaldehyde. Sep Purif Technol, 42, 159–168.
Chau J., Sowlati T., Sokhansanj S., Preto F., Melin S., Bi X. 2009. Economic sensitivity of wood biomass utilization for greenhouse heating application. Appl Energ 86, 616–621.
Ciesielczuk T., Poluszyńska J., Sporek M. 2014. Potential uses for solid biofuels from non-food crops. Proceedings of ECOpole, 2(8), 363–368, DOI: 10.2429/proc.2014.8(2)044 2014;8(2).
Couto R.M., Fernandes J., da Silva M.D.R.G., Simoes PC. 2009. Supercritical fluid extraction of lipids from spent coffee grounds. J Supercrit Fluid 51, 159–166.
Domanska D., Zacharz T. 2008. Biomass wastes as source of alternative energy. Archives of Environmental Protection, 34, 39–54.
Dudek H. 2005. Analysis of coffee consumption in Poland. [In:] Efficiency of marketing management. Warsaw, 28, 215–223 (in Polish).
Erlich C., Bjornbom E., Bolado D., Giner M., Fransson TH. 2006. Pyrolysis and gasification of pellets from sugar cane bagasse and Wood. Fuel, 85, 1535–1540.
Gołuchowska B, Sławiński J., Markowski G. 2015. Biomass utilization as a renevable energy source in polish power industry – current status and perspectives. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 16(3), 143–154.
Hasan M., Salam A., Shafiqul Alam A.M. 2009. Identification and characterization of trace metals in black solid materials deposited from biomass burning at the cooking stoves in Bangladesh. Biomass Bioenerg., 33, 1376–1380.
Heinimo J., Junginger M. 2009. Production and trading of biomass for energy – An overview of the global status. Biomass Bioenerg. 33, 1310–1320.
Kaliyan N., Morey R.V. 2010. Natural binders and solid bridge type binding mechanisms in briquettes and pellets made from corn stover and switchgrass. Bioresource Technol. 101, 1082–1090.
Kautz M., Hansen U. 2007. The externally-fired gas-turbine (EFGT-Cycle) for decentralized use of biomass. Appl Energ 84, 795–805.
Kondamudi N, Mohapatra SK, Misra M. 2008. Spent Coffee Grounds as a Versatile Source of Green Energy. J. Agr. Food Chem., 56(24), 11757–11760.
Kordylewski W. 1999. Burning and Fuels. Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław (in Polish).
Masek O., Konno M., Hosokai S., Sonoyama N., Norinaga K., Hayashi J.I. 2008. A study on pyrolytic gasification of coffee grounds and implications to allothermal gasification. Biomass Bioenerg., 32, 78–89.
Mazzoli-Rocha F., Bichara Magalhaes C., Malm O., Nascimento Saldiva PH., Zin WA., Souza Faffe D. 2008. Comparative respiratory toxicity of particles produced by traffic and sugar cane burning. Environ. Res., 108, 35– 41.
Obernberger I., Thek G. 2004. Physical characterisation and chemical composition of densified biomass fuels with regard to their combustion behaviour. Biomass Bioenerg., 27, 653–669.
Oliveira L.S., Franca A.S., Alves T.M., Rocha S.D.F. 2008. Evaluation of untreated coffee husks as potential biosorbents for treatment of dye contaminated Walters. J. Hazard. Mater., 155, 507–512.
Olsson M., Kjallstrand J. 2004. Emissions from burning of softwood pellets. Biomass Bioenerg., 27, 607–611.
Orozco A.L., Perez M.I., Guevara O., Rodriguez J., Hernandez M., Gonzalez-Vila F.J., Polvillo O., Arias M.E. 2008. Biotechnological enhancement of coffee pulp residues by solid-state fermentation with Streptomyces. Py–GC/MS analysis. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 81, 247–252.
Purohit P., Tripathi A.K., Kandpal T.C. 2006. Energetics of coal substitution by briquettes of agricultural residues. Energy, 31, 1321–1331.
Shih S.I., Lee W.J., Lin L.F., Huang J.Y., Su J.W., Chang-Chien G.P. 2008. Significance of biomass open burning on the levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in the ambient air. J. Hazard. Mater., 153, 276–284.
Singh R.N. 2004. Equilibrium moisture content of biomass briquettes. Biomass and Bioenergy 26, 251–253.
Walaszek J., Dudzinska M.R. 2007. Effect of alternative fuels co-incineration on NOx emission from cement production. [In:] Pawlowski, Dudzinska & Pawłowski (Eds) Environmental Engineering, Taylor & Francis Group, London 359–363.
Wang Q., Shao M., Liu Y., William K., Paul G., Li X., Liu Y., Lu S. 2007. Impact of biomass burning on urban air quality estimated by organic tracers: Guangzhou and Beijing as cases. Atmos. Environ., 41, 8380–8390.
Wang Z., Bi X., Sheng G., Fu J. 2009. Characterization of organic compounds and molecular tracers from biomass burning smoke in South China I; Broad-leaf trees and shrubs. Atmos. Environ., 43, 3096–3102.
Yan X., Ohara T., Akimoto H. 2006. Bottom-up estimate of biomass burning in mainland China. Atmos. Environ., 40, 5262–5273.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top