The Assesment of Physical Variables of the Soil Quality Index in the Coal Mine Spoil Depends
 
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1
University of Life Science in Lublin, Poland
2
Lublin University of Technology, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Antoni Grzywna   

University of Life Science in Lublin, Poland
Publication date: 2021-03-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(3):143–150
 
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ABSTRACT
This paper aims to evaluate the physical properties of soils on the slope of the spoil heap of the coal mine in Bogdanka based on literature and the author’s opinion. Field soil tests were carried out in the agricultural season of 2018 in the coal mine waste dump. The main purpose is to develop and apply the soil physical quality index. It was the first time when most often used nine soil physical properties: texture, bulk density, MWD, AWC, K, POR, PAW, S, StI. The paper uses a system for assessing physical parameters of soil within the range from 0 to 4. Based on the research, it was found that the best parameters of soil quality occurred in the surface horizons and increased with depth. The SPQI value calculated for the 0-60 cm layer Technosol was 0.51, which indicates good soil parameters.