The Influence of Drip Irrigation on Water Efficiency in Pear Cultivation
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Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary, University of Prishtina, Kosovo.
Agriculture and Environmental Engineering, UBT College, Kosovo.
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Agriculture University of Tirana, Albania
Corresponding author
Kujtim Lepaja   

Agriculture and Environmental Engineering, UBT College, Kosovo.
J. Ecol. Eng. 2024; 25(7):241-245
This field experiment aimed to evaluate the impact of two distinct levels of irrigation, specifically drip irrigation, on a pear orchard to conserve water without compromising production. Kosovo boasts conducive conditions for tree cultivation; however, water scarcity, particularly during the vegetation period, necessitates supplementary irrigation. The study was carried out in the Dukagjini plain on a 10-hectare pear orchard, using a nested experimental design.. Per two levels of irrigation, for 13 rows with tress were used with 100% of evapotranspiration as control and 13 rows with 50% of deficit irrigation. One row were length 90 m and width 40 cm, in total area where applied irrigation were 936 m2. Using ANOVA, we detected significant fluctuations in total yield, the number of fruits, and fruit weight.. With this technology in 100% irrigation have been achieved a total 7497 kg / 900 trees or an average of 8.33 kg / tree while in 50% irrigation have been achieved 4590 kg / 900 trees or 5.10 kg / tree. In classification of fruits 85.41% (100% irrigation) were extra class while 92.30% in 50% of irrigation. Our results confirmed that drip irrigation combined with a moderate water stress increase all productive parameters especiallity in total yield, too with significant water saving.
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