The Revised Input-Output Table to Determine Total Energy Content and Total Greenhouse Gas Emission Factors in Thailand
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Faculty of Economics, Chulalongkorn University, Wang Mai, Khet Pathum Wan, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, Bangkok, Thailand
Publish date: 2017-11-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(6):166–170
A full energy chain analysis (FENCH) or a life cycle analysis (LCA) is indeed essential in making any decision on both minimal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the energy content in various commodities. In this article, the energy Input-Output Analysis (IOA) approach is investigated to determine the factors for the total greenhouse gas emission and total energy content, and it deems the elimination of the boundary constraints existing in the Process Chain Analysis (PCA) approach to be practical to. This study, aims to identify the factors in embedded energy and embedded greenhouse gas (GHG) total values derived from the total Thai economic sectors of 180 in various commodities productions. The previous outdated IOA is enhanced in the study by revising the elements of sectoral energy consumption in the power sector, which is later found to be influential and significant to all other economic sectors. In addition, the 2005 sectoral energy consumption is used to show individual energy consumption, whereas the 2010 Input-Output (I-O) table, most timely data, is used to show the economic structure. Furthermore, the study uses a report of Thai electric power to revise the data of 2005 fuel mix in the power sector in order to obtain the 2010 and 2015 fuel mix. The reason of such revision is that the changes of fuel mix in the power sector are influential towards the factors in both total energy content and total greenhouse (GHG) emission. Hence, the 2015 electricity-fuel mix is taken to present the above-mentioned factors.
Pruethsan Sutthichaimethee   
Chulalongkorn University, 254 Phayathai Rd, Wang Mai, Khet Pathum Wan, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, 10330 Bangkok, Thailand