The Use of Coconut Shells for the Removal of Dyes from Aqueous Solutions
 
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Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Warszawska 117, 10–720 Olsztyn, Poland
Publish date: 2018-07-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2018; 19(4):129–135
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ABSTRACT:
The main purpose of the work was to check the possibility of using coconut shells to remove of popular in the textile industry dyes from aqueous solutions. The sorption abilities of an unconventional sorbent were tested against four anionic dyes: Reactive Black 5, Reactive Yellow 84, Acid Yellow 23, Acid Red 18 as well as two cationic dyes: Basic Violet 10 and Basic Red 46. The scope of research included to investigate the effect of pH on the effectiveness of sorption of dyes, to determine the time of equilibrium of sorption and to determine the maximum sorption capacity of coconut shells with respect to pigments. The most favorable pH of sorption for the anionic dyes and Basic Violet 10 was pH 3 and for Basic Red 46 - pH 6. The equilibrium time of sorption was the shortest in the case of acidic dyes (Acid Yellow 23/ Acid Red 18 - 45 min), while the longest in the case of alkaline dyes (Basic Red 46 - 90 min, Basic Violet 10 - 180 min). Sorption capacity of coconut shells in relation to anionic dyes was for Reactive Black 5 - 0.82 mg/g, Reactive Yellow 84 - 0.96 mg/g, Acid Yellow 23 - 0.53 mg/g and for Acid Red 18 - 0.66 mg/g. The tested sorbent showed much higher sorption capacity with respect to the cationic dyes Basic Violet 10 (28.54 mg/g) and Basic Red 46 (68.52 mg/g).
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Tomasz Czesław Jóźwiak   
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Warszawska 117, 10–720 Olsztyn, Poland