The Use of Geothermal Waters in Podhale in Terms of Tourism and Industrial Applications
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Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Land Surveying, H. Kołłątaj University of Agriculture in Kraków, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
Publish date: 2017-11-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(6):185–191
Recently, an increased interest of various industrial and economy branches in geothermal waters has been observed. In Poland, one of the most famous geothermal systems is the Podhale Basin, which forms an important reservoir of geothermal waters with relatively low mineralization and high temperatures. More and more often geothermal water is used not only for balneological or recreational purposes, but also as a heat source for heating. New areas of application of geothermal waters are also appearing, e.g. the use of cooled geothermal water as a raw material to produce fresh water. Another example of the application of geothermal waters is the cosmetic industry. For instance, a cream based on geothermal water from Podhale was introduced to the cosmetics market in 2013. This paper presents the possibilities of using the geothermal waters of Podhale, with particular emphasis on geothermal waters from Banska PGP-1, Banska IG-1 and Banska PGP-3 boreholes.
Piotr Michał Bugajski   
Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management, University of Agriculture of Kraków, Mickiewicza Ave 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland