Thermodynamic Analysis and Mathematic Modeling of Wastes Sludge from Drinking Water Treatment Plants
Fantasse Azeddine 1  
,   Lakhal El Khadir 1  
,   Idlimam Ali 2  
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Faculty of Sciences, LMFE, Department of Physics, Cadi Ayyad University, Semlalia, B.P. 2390, Marrakesh, Morocco
Team of Solar Energy and Medicinal Plants EESPAM, Teacher's Training College, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakesh, Morocco
Fantasse Azeddine   

Faculty of Sciences, LMFE, Department of Physics, Cadi Ayyad University, Semlalia, B.P. 2390, Marrakesh, Morocco
Publication date: 2022-02-01
J. Ecol. Eng. 2022; 23(2):140–149
Water treatment annually produces a huge amount of Drinking Water Treatment Sludge (DWTS) wastes. This latter causes environmental problems in Morroco in terms of energy and pollution. Therefore, cost-effective and eco-friendly solutions for managing them should be proposed in order to reduce the frequency of storage along with transportation costs. In this paper, a thermodynamic analysis of DWTS wastes was conducted based on the isosteric heat and compensation theory. Different results concerning the mineralogical identification of sludges were established. Findings revealed that the by-product of water purification was mainly composed of aluminum, silica and iron hydroxides, indeed the pH varied between 6.23 and 6.85. The suspended matter was between 18.3 and 19.6 m/l. The volatile matter of the three sludge samples was between 18 and 21%. The measured dry matter content was between 13.41 and 15.23 %. The experimental tests were performed under temperatures from 45 and 60 °C, the experimental data of the sorption curves were fitted by using several models of correlation. Furthermore, the analysis showed that the Peleg's model perfectly described the isotherm curves in the activities ranging from 0 to 90%. The net isosteric heats of sorption of the three hydroxide sludge from Moroccan treatment station: Sk, Sm and Ss, were determined for desorption and adsorption. Also, it was revealed that the equilibrium water content rising lead led to the reduction of the net isosteric heat and the entropy of sorption. Finally, the enthalpy-entropy compensation showed that the sorption mechanism involved was enthalpy driven.