Water Economy Balance of the Almaty City
 
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1
Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
2
Ecology Problems Research Institute, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Publish date: 2019-03-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(3):194–203
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ABSTRACT:
This article provides and analyses the detailed water balances of the Almaty city in regards to water resources, which share for different water bodies is 50%, 75% or 95% at the present level of surface and groundwater use. We have quantitatively assessed such surface water resources for specific water bodies and for the whole city. We have analysed the field studies of channel water balances of small rivers conducted in 2006, 2007 and 2013 (Almaty city) to identify the areas of abstraction losses and groundwater outcrop in riverbeds. Water balance analysis shows that Almaty city suffers from significant deficits in water resources. Based on the population growth dynamics, we assume that it will only increase. We have clarified methods for calculating hydro-meteorological characteristics and gained the updated information about the stream flows in a number of control sections and the channel water balances of the Karasu.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Aleksandr Chigrinets   
Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Ave., 71, 050038 Almaty, Kazakhstan