A NOVEL BIO-WASTE INCORPORATED ALGINATE SORBENT FOR DE-FLUORIDATION OF WATER
 
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1
National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai 600113, India
2
Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, Taramani, Chennai 600113, India
Publish date: 2015-09-09
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2015; 16(4):8–13
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
This study evaluates the feasibility of using tamarind (Tamarindus indica) seed powder for de-fluoridation of fluoride contaminated water. Batch study confirmed that tamarind seeds in dry powder form could remove 87% of fluoride from water. This bio-sorbent can be used effectively in areas where fluoride concentrations are above the permissible limits of 1.5 mg·l-1 as per WHO Standard, 1984. Tamarind seed powder was incorporated in a matrix of sodium alginate and made into gel-beads. The beads were tested for de-fluoridation efficiency by conducting column studies. The effect of various factors, such as flow rate, retention time, and the number of runs on the efficacy of fluoride removal was also studied. The results revealed that flow rate did not seem to have much effect on the percentage fluoride removal but the fluoride concentration decreased drastically upon greater retention time and multiple runs.
 
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