A Study of the Smallholder Coffee Agroindustry Sustainability Condition Using the Life Cycle Assessment Approach in Bengkulu Province, Indonesia
 
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Ukryj
1
Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management Sciences, IPB University, West Java, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
2
Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, IPB University, West Java, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
3
Department of Regional Planning Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Hamdan Hamdan   

Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management Sciences, IPB University, West Java, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
Data publikacji: 01-06-2019
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(6):153–160
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
 
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
The management of smallholder coffee plantations in Bengkulu Province has not yet conducted according to good agricultural practices. As a result, the productivity and quality of green beans produced are also low. Efforts to improve this condition need to be made in order to maintain the economic, social, and environmental sustainability of this agribusiness. The present study aimed to identify the life cycle of the coffee agroindustry in supporting sustainable agriculture using the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method. The results of the study revealed that the energy input was 4349.08 MJ/ha from the use of fertilizers, herbicides, manpower, and fossil fuel. The energy output from the green beans and coffee husks was 9763.39 MJ/ha and 13524.21 MJ/ha, respectively, so the efficiency based on the input-output ratio was 5.35. The emission values to the global warming potential, acidification, and eutrophication were 109.43 kg eqCO2, 345.70 g SO2eq/ha/year, and 28.54 g PO43-eq/ha/year, respectively. The coffee agribusiness in Kepahiang Regency is categorized as organic. The coffee agribusiness was economically feasible with a Net B/C of 2.87, but the land ownership which was 1.45 ha/household and the present agribusiness conditions indicate a low sustainability rate