Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.94
ICV
 
 

APPLICATION OF MULTI-CRITERIAL ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR RANKING ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA IN AN ASSESSMENT OF A DEVELOPMENT PROJECT

 
1
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Geodesy, Geospatial and Civil Engineering, Heweliusza Str. 4, 10-724 Olsztyn, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(5):151–159
Publish date: 2017-09-01
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Building investment projects, both during the construction work and afterwards, when a raised structure is used, have some impact on the natural environment. Depending on the character, size and location of a planned structure, such influences will vary. At the stage of planning a new development, investors are obliged to execute several procedures connected with the preservation of nature, for example they prepare several variants of the planned investment and evalue which one will have the weakest effect on the environment. Assessment of variants is based on a series of criteria, and the final outcome is not always unambiguous. Hence, when trying to establish the importance of each criterion, it is advisable to apply efficient decision support methods. One option is to use multi-criteria analytical methods. However, for such methods to be applicable, an investor must prepare a wealth of information. The first stage preceding the actual analysis of variants is to define assessment criteria and assign to them appropriate weights (importance). This stage requires the participation of experts, who - through questionnaires and interviews - express their opinions on criteria that must be included and on their importance. This article contains a model procedure implemented for the sake of determination of the importance of parameters, which includes the methodology used for assessment and ranking of parameters. The approach presented in this paper demonstrates the usefulness of multi-criteria analytical methods when making an evaluation of the impact of a building investment on the environment.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Elżbieta Hanna Szafranko   
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Geodesy, Geospatial and Civil Engineering, Heweliusza Str. 4, 10-724 Olsztyn, Poland