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Analysis of an Occurrence of High Frosts During the Growing Season in Central-East Poland in 2001-2018
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Institute of Agriculture and Horticulture, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, ul. Prusa 14; 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Katarzyna Rymuza   

Institute of Agriculture and Horticulture, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Poland
Data publikacji: 06-07-2021
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(7):142–149
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
 
STRESZCZENIE
Frosts are the most common natural phenomena during the transitional seasons. A frost occurs when the average daily air temperature is positive and the minimum temperature drops below 0°C. The problem of frost occurrence (especially spring frosts) is very important from the point of view of threats related to crop plant cultivation because it causes losses in crops when taking place during the growing. The aim of the study was to analyse the occurrence of air frosts in the years 2001–2018 in the region of central-eastern Poland on the basis of meteorological data. In the region of central-eastern Poland, the greatest number of days with mild, moderate and strong frosts in 2001–2018 were observed in Białowieża, it being the lowest in Warsaw. The distribution of the number of days with frosts in spring was similar. The distribution of autumn frosts, however, was different. The greatest number of days with autumn frosts were observed in Terespol and Białowieża, the least in Legionowo and Warsaw. The last mild spring frosts occurred in the period from the 3rd to 7th of April, and the earliest autumn frosts occurred between the 9th of September to the 27th of October. The dates of moderate frosts were similar. The last strong frosts occurred on the 2nd of May and the earliest on the 30th of September. The conducted analysis proved that in such a small area there is a difference in the occurrence of high frosts observed both in spring and autumn.