BIOCHAR TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SOILS
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Energy Engineering, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnology, Częstochowa University of Technology, Brzeźnicka 60 a, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
Data publikacji: 16-06-2015
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2015; 16(3):31–35
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
The paper presents the results of research focused on the investigations of the possibilities to use biochar to improve the quality and productivity of soils. Biochar is a material similar to the commonly known charcoal obtained from the thermolysis process (a process similar to dry distillation of wood). The structure and technical properties of biochar depend on the type of biomass which is produced and the thermal decomposition process conditions: process time, temperature and atmosphere. It was found that a positive effect of biochar on the soil properties is manifested through the improvement of soil fertility, better water retention, improvement of the cation exchange, and the regulation of the pH. The biochar used in the present study was obtained by autothermal thermolysis of biomass at 300 °C. Three types of biochars of different origin were used. The biochar samples were subjected to ultimate and proximate analysis, as well as structural and porosimetric investigations. The experimental research were also conducted on the experimental test field and gave a positive effect of the presence of biochar on soil quality and plant yield. Biochar introduced into soil allows for long-term storage of carbon. The introduction of biochar to soil has a positive effect on plant growth, higher dose resulted in an increase in biochar and plant mass.