Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.94
ICV
 
 

BOTTOM DEPOSITS OF STRATIFIED, SEEPAGE, URBAN LAKE (ON EXAMPLE OF TYRSKO LAKE, POLAND) AS A FACTOR POTENTIALLY SHAPING LAKE WATER QUALITY

Renata Augustyniak 1  ,  
 
1
Department of Water Protection Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego St. 1, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Power Engineering, Electronics and Automation, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego St. 1, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
3
Department of Environmental Microbiology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego St. 1, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(5):55–62
Publish date: 2017-09-01
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TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The object of the study was Tyrsko Lake (area 18.6 ha, max. depth 30.4 m), located in the western part of Olsztyn (Olsztyn Lakeland). This lake is one of the clear water lakes in Olsztyn, but the progressive deterioration of water quality is observed during last years. The phosphorus concentration in the water-sediment interface, phosphorus fractions quantity and the amounts of components which can bind this element was investigated in the upper (0-5 cm) layer of deposits. The aim of study was the analysis the potential influence of bottom sediment on the lake water quality. The obtained results revealed, that bottom sediment of Tyrsko Lake can be classified as mixed, silica-organic type, with quite high content of iron (over 4% Fe in d.w.). The total phosphorus content was ca. 3.5 mg P g-1 d.w. on average. Phosphorus in bottom sediment was bound mainly with organic matter (NaOH-nrP fraction), which had over 50% share in TP. Easy mobile fractions (NH4-Cl-P and BD-P) together included ca 5% to 7 % TP only. The obtained results show, that bottom sediment of Tyrsko Lake can bind phosphorus quite effectively. Calculated internal mineral phosphorus loading during summer stagnation period was 10.9 kg P and it was lower that the assessed annual external phosphorus load (22.6 kg P y-1). The assessed annual phosphorus loading from both sources still was lower than critical load according to Vollenweider criteria. But due to the fact that internal loading phenomenon is occurring in the lake it should be taken into consideration that the lake water quality can deteriorate gradually during the longer time perspective. These findings should be taken into consideration in the future if the potential protection and restoration procedures will be developed.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Renata Augustyniak   
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego st. 1, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland