Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.94
ICV
 
 

CHANGES OF FLUORIDE CONTENT IN SAND FROM SANDBOXES LOCATED ON PLAYGROUNDS IN POLICE (WEST POMERANIA, POLAND)

Robert Biczak 3  ,  
 
1
Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Słowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Contemporary Architecture, Theory and Methodology of Design, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Żołnierska 50, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
3
Department of Biochemistry and Ecotoxicology, Jan Długosz University in Częstochowa, Armii Krajowej 13/15, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
4
Faculty of Building Services, Hydro and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Nowoursynowska 20, 00-653 Warsaw, Poland
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(5):168–172
Publish date: 2017-09-01
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
The aim of the study was to determine fluoride content in sand from sandboxes in Police town (West Pomerania, Poland). This area is exposed to excessive emissions of fluoride compounds because of the proximity of chemical plants. The sand samples were collected five times in a period from March to November in 2016. Fluoride content was determined using the potentiometric method with an ion-selective fluoride electrode. The obtained results showed that fluoride content was ranged from 0.09 to 1.48 mg·kg-1 dm. The lowest fluoride content was recorded in the sand collected in place, which was the closest to the emitter, and the largest in the samples from sandbox, which was furthest from the emitter. Analyzing the changes in the content of this element over time, the largest fluoride concentration of sand occurred in July or September depending on location. Pearson correlation coefficient at p < 0.05 (r = 0.925) showed a significant positive correlation between fluoride content and the distance from fluoride emitter.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Arkadiusz Marcin Telesiński   
Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Słowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland, Słowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
Copy url
Share