Scores:
12
MNiSW
120.9
ICV
 
 

CHARACTERISTICS AND HOUSEHOLD TOXIC HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATION BASED ON ECONOMIC STATUS AND TOPOGRAPHIC REGIONS IN SEMARANG CITY, INDONESIA

Elanda Fikri 1, 2  ,  
 
1
Doctorate Program of Environmental Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia, 50241
2
Department of Environmental Health, Bandung Health Polytechnic, Cimahi Utara, 40514
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
4
Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
J. Ecol. Eng. 2017; 18(5):8–17
Publish date: 2017-09-01
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Hazardous and toxic waste are not only produced by industry, but also by household. But in fact, the household activities also produce Household Toxic and Hazardous Waste (HTHW). Considering the potential of the impact of HTHW to the reduction of environment quality, the effort of HTHW management must have been started well. One important aspect in the management strategy is to determine the characteristics and the HTHW generation. The method used to determine the characteristics HTHW refers to SNI 19-2454-2002, while the calculation HTHW generation refers to the SNI 19-3694-1994 calculated based on weight and volume. Sampling was conducted in four districts of Semarang (Pedurungan, Semarang Barat, Semarang Utara and Banyumanik). The samples used in this study were 400 families were calculated based on the proportion of Slovin Formula. Data analysis performed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Walis test (α = 0.05). The largest characteristic of HTHW in Semarang City is infectious (79%), further Poisonous (13%), Combustible (6%) and Corrosive (2%). While HTHW generation is 0.01 kg/person/day (5.1% MSW). Statistical test result showed there was significant difference (p-value : 0.001) between HTHW generation based on economic level, but there was no significant difference (p-value :0.442) between HTHW characteristics in Semarang city. Level of education, occupation, income level and lifestyle may become potential factor in difference characteristics and HTHW generation in Semarang city.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Elanda Fikri   
Doctorate Program of Environmental Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia, 50241, Jalan Imam Bardjo, No.5, 50241 Semarang, Indonesia
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