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Comparative Testing of Multibioagents Inoculants to Control Bipolaris spicifera R15 on Rice Plant
 
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Agriculture Research Directorate, Integrated Pest Management Center, Ministry of Science and Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Hamdia Z. Ali   

Agriculture Research Directorate, Integrated Pest Management Center, Ministry of Science and Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2021; 22(11)
 
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ABSTRACT
The present research deals with greenhouse studies on the efficacy of Cladosporium halotolerans CIR 18_ITS and Meyerozyma guilliermondii MIR 15_ITS compared with a compatible Trichoderma isolate T.4679 to control the phytopathogenic Bipolaris spicifera R15 fungus. An experiment was carried out under controlled conditions in a greenhouse with sterilised soil, and 13 parameters were evaluated. The greenhouse results triggered significant differences [p<0.05] on rice plants after two-month post planting in all treatments compared with the untreated control due to pre-inoculation with three multibiocontrol agents. In addition, results showed the significant interaction amongst three multibiocontrol agents on the growth parameters of the rice plant, fresh weight of shoot and root, dry weight of shoot, root, shoot and root length and greater efficiency of reducing disease severity when treated with the Trichoderma isolate T.4679, M. guilliermondii MIR 15_ITS and C. halotolerans CIR 18_ITS individually or in combination with each other. The greenhouse experiment exhibited that C. halotolerans CIR 18_ITS alone, M. guilliermondii MIR 15_ITS alone, C. halotolerans CIR 18_ITS + C. halotolerans CIR 18_ITS and M. guilliermondii MIR 15_ITS + Trichoderma isolate T.4679 + C. halotolerans CIR 18_ITS + C. halotolerans CIR 18_ITS have greater efficiency of reducing disease infection and severity by approximately 11.11% and 6.67%, respectively, amongst all treatments mentioned.