DISTRIBUTION OF WOODY VEGETATION ON SODA WASTE DUMPS IN RELATION TO SPATIAL VARIATION IN SELECTED PARAMETERS OF THE MINERAL COVER
 
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1
Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 24-28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
2
Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 24-28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ewelina Zając   

Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 24-28, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
Publish date: 2016-11-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2016; 17(5):49–56
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ABSTRACT
Development of woody plants in the course of succession on reclaimed soda waste dumps by use of mineral cover was analyzed. The spatial variation in the thickness and granulometric composition of the mineral cover was analysed by the Kriging method. The statistical measurements and geostatistical analysis were used to create maps showing areal variability for the parameters analysed. Analysis of the development of woody vegetation was based on field work and raster layers created on the basis of aerial photographs. No link was found between the parameters of the mineral cover and the distribution and development of spontaneous woody vegetation. The species composition in the study area is limited, and dominated by pioneer species, mainly the expansive black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Given that the soda waste disposal site is to be used as urban green spaces, the target ecosystem structure must be considered and a suitable course of action selected: further reclamation procedures improving substrate quality and enrichment of the species composition of the tree stand, or management involving sustaining the current state while controlling the course of natural succession of vegetation.