Design of Stand-Alone Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Hybrid System under Amman Climate
Wala' Nsour 1  
,  
Osama Ayadi 1
,  
 
 
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Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
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Wala' Nsour   

Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
Publish date: 2019-10-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(9):1–10
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ABSTRACT
As renewable energy application is gaining a wide acceptance by end users while considering the fact that renewable energy is intermittent, variable and cannot be expected; the need of storage systems is becoming a necessity at both micro and macro levels. Fuel cell technology is one of the most promising storage systems due to the fact that hydrogen has high energy density. This paper presents a design of stand-alone PV-PEMFC hybrid system for small house under Amman climate. The simulation results shows that the optimal size of PV array, fuel cell (PEMFC), inverter, electrolyzer (ELE) and H2 Tank capacity were 10 kW, 1 kW, 5 kW, 6 kW, and 5 kg respectively. Hydrogen proved itself as being a low carbon energy source, environmental friendly and with high energy content per unit mass. Due to fuel cells technology, hydrogen can be used for inter-season storage.