ESTIMATION OF THE RUNNING COSTS OF AUTONOMOUS ENERGY SOURCES IN TROLLEYBUSES
 
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1
Municipal Transport Company in Lublin, Trolleybus Department, Lublin, Poland
2
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Lublin University of Technology, Lublin, Poland
Publication date: 2016-11-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2016; 17(5):101–106
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ABSTRACT
The article analyses the performance characteristics and operating costs of the three types of trolley-buses equipped with alternative energy sources, which are used by the MPK (Municipal Transport Company) in Lublin. The selected applications are adapted for driving off traction in emergency mode as well as servicing the regular route. Two of them are based on electrochemical batteries and one uses a system with an electric generator driven by an internal combustion engine.