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Ecological Analysis of the Current State of Forest Resources in Forest Steppe of Ukraine
 
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Department of Agrosphere Ecology and Environmental Control, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Geroiv Oboroni Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
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Department of Soil Science and Soil Conservation by Professor M.K. Shykula, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Geroiv Oboroni Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
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Division of Wood Science and Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, Forskargatan 1, 93187 Skelleftea, Sweden
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Department of Ecology and Life Safety, Uman National University of Horticulture, 20300, Uman, Institutska Str., 1, Ukraine
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ESC, Institute of Biology and Medicine, Department Biology Plants, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Volodymyrska Str. 64/13, Kyiv 01601, Ukraine
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Department of Ecobiotechnology and Biodiversity, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Geroiv Oboroni Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
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Department of Ecology and General Biological Subjects, Higher Educational Institution "Podillia State University", Shevchenko 13, Kamenets-Podolsky, 31302, Ukraine
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Laboratory of Silvology and Silviculture, Ukrainian Research Institute of Mountain Forestry named after P.S. Pasternak Hrushevsky str.31 76004 Ivano-Frankivsk Ukraine
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Department Technology of Storage, Processing and Standardizations of Planting Products by Professor B.V. Lesik, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Geroiv Oboroni Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Volodymyr Voitsekhivskyi   

Department Technology of Storage, Processing and Standardizations of Planting Products by Professor B.V. Lesik, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Geroiv Oboroni Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(1):87–96
 
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ABSTRACT
Forests perform essential ecological functions - water protection, sanitation, health, recreation, and aesthetics. The research aimed to substantiate the ecological and economic importance of forest resources in the Kyiv region and analyse their rational use and protection. The article shows that the Kyiv region belongs to the regions with an average level of forest cover – 592.8 thousand hectares or 22.2%. The level of forest cover is uneven in the area of the Kyiv Forest zone. It is 44%, and in the area of the Forest-Steppe, it is much lower and decreases from north to south. The use of forest resources in the Kyiv region in 2019 amounted to harvesting liquid wood of 999.5 thousand m2, and deforestation was carried out on 75.5 thousand hectares. The region's volume of forestry works and services amounted to 8,9 million dollars, and the wood stock makes 90805,9 thousand m2. Emphasis is placed on the importance of protecting the Red Book species of plants and fungi that grow in the forests of the Kyiv region. Examples of harmful economic activity in the areas belonging to the nature reserve fund and large-scale fires in April 2020, which covered more than 3.5 thousand hectares of forests in the region and caused damage to forest fauna and flora. The studied region's positive environmental and economic factors have been admitted by planting trees on an area of 2151 hectares and sowing seeds of forest species on an area of 67 hectares in 2020.