Ecological Impacts, Management and Disposal Methods for Medical Wastes: A Review
Faculty of Civil Engineering, University Technology Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru Johor, Malaysia
Autor do korespondencji
Zainab Z. Al-Saedi   

Faculty of Civil Engineering, University Technology Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru Johor, Malaysia
J. Ecol. Eng. 2024; 25(7):25-40
Medical wastes include wastes created by biomedical research institutes, medical labs, and hospitals. Through exposure to infectious pathogens, improper waste treatment offers substantial hazards of disease transmission to wastes workers, wastes pickers, patients, health workers, , and the population in general. Poor wastes management releases dangerous and detrimental constituents into society. However, due of the volumes of wastes generated and its infectious nature, contamination of highly contagious agents such as the sudden pandemic has created huge instability in medical wastes treatments and consequent recycling. Several nations have implemented safety procedures to counteract this pollution and manage medical wastes; nevertheless, these efforts are inadequate and vary depending on the nation. Moreover, worldwide organizations have recognized recommendations for the handling of medical wastes. Those rules are aiding in the management of highly infectious medical wastes generated by all-medical centers. Instead of sending things to landfills, proper medical wastes management may make available value by limiting disease transmission and enhancing recyclability. Disinfecting and classifying medical wastes enables for more sustainable management and the reuse of important resources. This paper addresses the various medical solid wastes environmental impacts, management and disposal techniques used in various nations, the issues encountered throughout these strategies, and potential solutions to these challenges.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top