Effect of Salinity on Germination and Root Growth of Jordanian Barley
 
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Department of Biotechnology, Al-Balqa Applied University, Al-Salt 19117, Jordan
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Department of Medical Laboratories, Al-Balqa Applied University, Al-Salt 19117, Jordan
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Department of Plant Production and Protection, Al-Balqa Applied University, Al-Salt 19117, Jordan
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Department of Biological Sciences, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Maan 71111, Jordan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Abdel Rahman Al-Tawaha   

Department of Biological Sciences, Al Hussein Bin Talal University, P.O. Box 20, Ma’an, Jordan
 
 
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ABSTRACT
The fundamental aim of this study was to investigate some growth responses of selected Jordanian cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes to salinity stress. Twenty-six landraces and two recent cultivars were subjected to four levels of salinity (0, 50, 100 and 200 mM NaCl). Salt stress was found to influence the majority of germination ability such as germination % which ranged from about 80% to 100% (One-way ANOVA; p ≤ 0.05). Moreover, germination was stanstically affected in correspondence to exposure time to salinity and in relation to genotypic makeup of studied barley (two-row vs. six-row accessions) (Two-Way ANOVA; p ≤ 0.05). Early seedling growth traits were also found to decline with increasing salinity stress. Moreover, according to the growth parameters genotypes M’ 1595, M’ 1593, Ir 1558, Ir 1631, Ir 1639, Mf 1545, and Mf 1548 were found to have better performance than others. On the other hand, genotypes M’ 1593, M’ 1594, M’ 1595, Ir 1558, Ra 1552, Ra 1611, Mf 1616, Mf 1617, and Ma 1592 were most affected genotypes by salinity. The results of this study lead to the conclusion that the response to salinity stress is complex, yet the comprehensive results found in this study provide a foundation for deeper exploration of diversity and gene–trait relationships and their utilization in future barley improvement.