Environmental Monitoring of Soils of Post-Industrial Mining Areas
 
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1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Stepana Bandery St, 12, L'viv, L'vivs'ka oblast, 79000, Ukraine
2
The Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Rzeszow University of Technology, Powstancow Warszawy 12, 35-084 Rzeszow, Poland
3
Department of Ecology and Environmental Management of Medical Institute, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, 10, 68-Desantnykiv Steet, Mykolayiv oblast 54003, Ukraine
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Piotr Koszelnik   

The Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Rzeszow University of Technology, Powstancow Warszawy 12, 35-084 Rzeszow, Poland
Publish date: 2019-10-01
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2019; 20(9):53–61
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ABSTRACT
The ecological situation in most mining regions of Ukraine is critical, and the closure of unprofitable mining enterprises, mines and cuts creates environmental problems associated with significant changes in the geological and hydrological environment. The purpose of the work is the environmental monitoring of heavy metals in soils in the territory of Rozdil State Mining and Chemical Enterprise (SMCE) “Sirka” at the stage of liquidation. The object of the study is heavy metals in soils in the territory of Rozdil SMCE “Sirka”. The subject of the study is to evaluate the content of heavy metals and migration aspects in soils. In this work, the parameters of soil pollution with heavy metals have been experimentally determined. On the example of Rozdil SMCE "Sirka" the main problems of the monitoring system of the territory of the mining and chemical enterprise at the stage of liquidation are proved. The influence of the mining and chemical enterprise on the state of environmental pollution (soil, water environment, and waste management status) has been also assessed. The ecological balance of the territory is violated due to the fact that the elimination of negative technical manifestations of the enterprise activity for a long time was considered unprofitable. The development of monitoring techniques for man-made landscapes, along with the development of methods for diagnosing the specifics of their functioning and technologies for reclamation, is an integral part of multidisciplinary research on environmental imbalances, which is caused by the transformation of natural landscapes into man-made. The necessity of construction of the information-analytical system of monitoring of the territory of Rozdil State Mining and Chemical Enterprise (SMCE) “Sirka” at the stage of liquidation is substantiated. It was established that monitoring of the territory of the mining and chemical enterprise at the stage of liquidation will allow increasing the level of environmental safety of the territory of the enterprise and the surrounding settlements. In addition to the monitoring system in the process of liquidation and in the post-reclamation period, the liquidation project should include an environmental analysis of the enterprise activities, environmental forecasting.