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Environmental Quality Management through Parshall Flume Aeration Efficiency Modelling
 
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Civil Engineering Department, Canadian International College (CIC), El Sheikh Zayed, Giza, Egypt
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mohamed Ahmed Reda Hamed   

Civil Engineering Department, Canadian International College (CIC), El Sheikh Zayed, Giza, Egypt
 
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(2)
 
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ABSTRACT
The dissolved oxygen content in surface waters is one of the vital indicators for human water quality usage as well as the aquatic plant and animal environmental life sustainability. Parshall flumes are one of the important ejectors’ devices that successfully used for oxygen requirement satisfying in various irrigation, wastewater, and ecosystems. . However, the present study aims to manage and improve various waterworks aeration efficiency through integrated modeling of experimental and analytical analysis as well as their operation conditional parameters for the Parshall flumes configuration. Based on the experiment work data sets run results, the principal component regression (PCR), partial least squares (PLS), and ridge regression (RR) techniques are used to develop the required aeration efficiency prediction models for such aerators by interrelating the impact of Parshall flumes characteristics and configurations as well as various water flow rates on aeration efficiency. The developed study predictive models were statistically compared to the experimental data. The comparison confirms a good reliability and high accuracy. Considering the proposed aeration models, the optimum design of the new Parshall flumes can be successfully facilitated.