Formation of the Quality Indicators of Hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.) Seeds Sown under Organic Growing Technology
Poltava State Agrarian University, 1/3, Skovorody, St., Poltava, 36003, Ukraine
Poltava State Agricultural Experimental Station named after M. I. Vavilov of the Institute of Pig Breeding and Agro-Industrial Production of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, 86, Shvedska St., Poltava, 36014, Ukraine
Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, 8/1, Cathedral Square, St., Bila Tserkva, Kyiv region, 09117, Ukraine
State Biotechnological University, 44 Alchevskih, St., Kharkov, 61000, Ukraine
Autor do korespondencji
Anatolii Semenov   

Poltava State Agrarian University, 1/3, Skovorody, St., Poltava, 36003, Ukraine
J. Ecol. Eng. 2023; 24(8):218-227
The oil content of hemp seeds is controlled by the genotype and in the conducted studies did not depend on the growing technology, but this factor had a synergistic effect with others. The protein content of hemp seeds during the years of research did not depend on weather conditions. Like other quality indicators, it had a slight variation, which indicates the significant role of the genetic characteristics of the varieties. On average, over the years of research, the protein content of variants grown according to conventional technology was 25.2%, and according to transitional technology, it was 0.03% higher, which was within the limits of statistical error. The organic technology ensured the protein content at the level of 25.3%, and the use of the microbial biodegrader - biodestructor BioStymix-Niva contributed to the further growth of the indicator to 25.4%. The oil content of hemp seeds is not limited by other important characteristics, such as the yield of the hemp stems or the fiber content. Only the Glyana variety showed inverse correlations with plant height, hemp stems and seed productivity, they were of medium strength (r = –0.60… –0.43). In the Zolotoniski 15 variety, only one inverse relationship was recorded - plant height (r = –0.57). No correlation was established between protein content and oil content in seeds. Correlations may change depending on other factors of cultivation, including weather conditions, elements of technology, etc., but the evaluation of varieties for cultivation according to these characteristics can significantly increase the efficiency of the production of cannabis products.
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